The Hamburger Dom in Hamburg

The Hamburger Dom is a large carnival held at Heiligengeistfeld fair ground, in Hamburg. It is probably the longest fair in Germany since it consists of three parts being held in spring, summer and winter each. For all those adventurous people who love thrilling rides, funfair games and just the glamour and lights of a carnival, the Dom is the perfect place to be.

It attracts the largest number of tourists in the whole of Germany. The winter festival is called the Winterdom or Dommarkt, the summer festival is called Sommerdom or Hummelfest and the spring festival is called the Frühlingsdom.

The fireworks seen here are one of the major attractions. This fantastic display of lights in the sky is a sight to behold and will leave you speechless. It takes place every Friday evening at 11:30 P.M.

If you are planning to treat your family with a visit to this funfair, the best day would be Wednesday. This is the day when the entire park is designed for families. It includes acrobats, jugglers, fire-eaters, clowns, balloon men even Easter bunnies for the entertainment of your kids. The delight of your kids upon laying eyes on these artists will be enough to make you happy.

The transport to the Dom is also extremely easily available. If you do not wish to drive out this far, you can simply travel by the HVV bus or train. The Dom has its very own station for both. A few bus lines that will lead you to the Dom are bus line 9, Station Feldstraße or bus line 112, 36 and 37, Station St. Pauli.

If you are visiting Germany during the time of this Dom do not make the mistake of returning home without coming here even once. It’s so extravagant that you may even compare its glory to a Disneyland!

Alster Lake (Binnenalster)

Alster LakeThe one which inspired the Hungarian composer Oscar Fetrás to compose the popular Viennese-style waltz “Mondnacht auf der Alster”; sometimes mistranslated to English as “Moonlight on the Alster,” the river Alster actually shoots out of right side of River Elbe in Northern Germany. The river basin was also an important model for the design of the Charles River basin, constructed in the early 20th century.

Having its source near Henstedt-Ulzburg, Schleswig-Holstein, it flows roughly southwards and reaches the Elbe in Hamburg forming two artificial lakes in the city of Hamburg- outer Alster and the smaller (inner Alster). The artificial lakes and the surrounding parks are an important recreational area in the heart of the city Hamburg, the second largest city of Germany.

Hamburg was founded at the mouth of the Alster in the 9th century and used it as a port. The water was used to flood the moats of the fortifications. The Alster was dammed since 1190, originally to power a watermill. In 1235 a further dam was built for a second mill, which changed the shape of the river to be like a lake.

In the 15th and 16th century, an Alster canal was built to connect Hamburg with Lübeck. Because of the difficulties in holding water, especially near marsh areas, the 91 km (57 mi) long waterway from Hamburg to Lübeck was navigable from 1529 to 1550 only. With the course of time, Hamburg flourished along the shores of the Alster, and several locks were constructed to make the river navigable. Until the 19th century water transport with barges were used up to the town of Kayhude. The barges—transporting building material, fuel, and foods—were staked or hauled.

The Alster Touristik GmbH (ATG), a subsidiary of the Hamburger Hochbahn, provides public and touristic transport on the Alster in the city of Hamburg.

The source of the Alster river is a small bog pool in the Timhagen Brook near Henstedt-Ulzburg, approximately 25 km (16 mi) north of Hamburg. It is 56 km (35 mi) long and has an incline from 31 m to 4 m above sea level. The left tributaries of this beautiful river include Rönne, Alte Alster, Sielbek, Ammersbek, Drosselbek, Bredenbek, Rodenbek, Lohbek, Saselbek, Osterbek, and Wandse (Eilbek). Its right side takes pride in holding tributaries like Mühlenau (or Mühlenbach), Diekbek, Mellingbek, Susebek, Tarpenbek, and Isebek.

The City Hall in Hamburg

Hamburg is the second largest city in Germany. Its official name is Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg and it is a beautiful place to be in. Both domestic and overseas tourists flood this city from time to time.

The Hamburg City Hall is a magnificent structure and one of the major tourist destinations of the city. It is situated near the Binnenalster, the Jungfernstieg and the central station and is thus easily accessible.

This hall is Hamburg’s sixth and its eclectic design appeals to all. It is huge in size with over 647 rooms and a tower that is well over a hundred meters high. A fire in the 19th century ruined the entire building and it took almost 44 years to rebuild the structure. However the long wait was worth its result for the city hall is one of the most magnificent buildings of Hamburg today.

The numerous statues and ornaments adorning the building emphasize its historical significance.  The façade is in Neo-Renaissance style however the interior features embellishments of different architectural periods. The City Hall is open from 8 A.M. to 6 P.M. every day and there are diverse guided tours every day.

If you ever happen to be in Hamburg I would suggest that you visit this hall which represents an important part of the culture of Hamburg.

The Church of Saint Nicholas in Hamburg

The Church of Saint Nicholas in HamburgThe Church of Saint Nicholas in Hamburg is now in ruins but still serves as a memorial and an important architectural landmark of the city. The church was the tallest building in the world from 1874 to 1876 and is still the second-tallest building in Hamburg next to the TV tower.

The Church is in a ruined condition owing to the air raids during the World War II followed by its demolition in 1951. It was only 1990s that the ‘Rescue the Church of St. Nicholas foundation’ took up the responsibility of its restoration with the support of the city of Hamburg, the congregation of the Church of St. Nicholas and various corporate sponsors and private contributors.

The original church was in typical North German Brick Gothic style and stood so until the middle of the 19th century, undergoing changes, expansions, and withstanding several partial destructions. The Church of St. Nicholas was heavily involved in all the theological debates that were fought out in the city, especially during the Reformation.

The old Church of St. Nicholas engulfed in the great fire of May 1842 being the first large public building to be destroyed by this fire. Shortly after the fire, the church was redesigned by the English architect George Gilbert Scott, who designed an 86 meter-long nave, with a 28 meter-high vault. The church mostly reflected French and English gothic styles, though the pointed spire is typically German.

On 28 July 1943 the aerial bombs by the allied forces damaged the church. The roof collapsed and the interior of the nave suffered heavy damage. The walls began to show cracks, yet neither they nor the spire collapsed. However, the basic structure of the gothic church remained intact to a large extent and reconstruction was a realistic option.

The spire and some remains of the wall were preserved as a memorial against the war. Later the rescue foundation attempted to salvage pieces of rubble that were removed in 1951. They also installed a 51-bell carillon as a memorial.

Since 1 September 2005, an elevator has taken visitors to a 75.3 metre-high platform inside the spire to enjoy history panels and a panoramic view over Hamburg.

St. Michaelis Church in Hamburg

Hamburg, the second largest city in Germany, is a major transport hub in Northern Germany and is one of the most affluent cities in Europe. It is also very popular with tourists who flock here at the first opportunity.

St. Michaelis, or Michel as it is popularly known, is one of the major tourist attractions of this city. It is one of the five Protestant churches of Germany. Its architecture is a fresh change from that of the old churches. Its baroque style spire, the large bronze statue of Archangel Michael to whom the church is dedicated all show remarkable craftsmanship.

The original building was built in 1647, but since then the church has been reconstructed twice. In 1750, it was destroyed by a lightning strike. It was refurbished at that time. Then in the 20th century it caught fire and was almost destroyed. After its reconstruction it once again suffered severe damages in the bombings of 1944 and 1945.

However after its reconstruction of 1983 the church once again looked brand new. Its 132 meter tall spire, roof everything was reconstructed.

Its architecture is so remarkable that around 9 replicas have been made in different parts of the world. Its size is so large that it can accommodate 2500 people and its spire is so tall that it offers breathtaking vies of the city!

If you ever visit Hamburg, you must go to this church! If not for the peace you’ll get, go for the amazing views.

Parks and gardens in Hamburg

Right in the heart of Hamburg, there are a lot of green spaces which not only add to the scenic beauty of the city but also provide lot of opportunities for recreation, outdoor activities and family bonding. Hamburg’s Hayns Park, City Park (Stadtpark) and Volkspark Altona are known for sunbathing, picnicking, cycling, jogging and even boating. Some of the choicest parks and gardens in Hamburg are:

Planten un Blomen
Klosterwall 8, Hamburg, D-20095, Germany, DE

the name of this garden draws inspiration from the old Hamburg vernacular for ‘plants and flowers’. The garden has a varied range of flora and is best known for its Japanese garden and the spectacular water show, which combines both light and music, and is held in the evenings. The park draws visitors especially in summer when a lot of recreational activities are held. Also lying within the park is an adventure playground for the kids. From May to September, the park is open daily from 07:00 to 23:00 and from October to April, it is open daily from 07:00 to 20:00.

Arboretum
Thinsen 17, Ellerhoop, Schleswig Holstein, D-25373, Germany, DE

A true paradise for green lovers, this park lies on the north-western outskirts of Hamburg. The landscaped gardens have summer flower borders, the bamboo walkways, a wide variety of flora and the children’s play area. The admission is without charge and is open daily from 09:00 to 19:00.

Klein Flottbek Botanical Gardens (Botanischer Garten Klein Flottbek)
Hesten 10, Klein Flottbek, Hamburg, D-22609, Germany, DE

The Klein Flottbek Botanical Gardens lies near Central Hamburg and features many exotic plants. The garden spans to a wide area of more than 50 acres / 20 hectares of themed gardens, featuring include walking trails, seating areas, picnic spots and various events, such as regular talks and workshops. The admission is for free daily from 09:00 to dusk.

Hayns Park
Eppendorfer Landstrasse 148, Eppendorf, Hamburg, D-20251, Germany, DE

Standing close to a number of local neighbourhoods within the Eppendorf area of Hamburg, this is a popular recreational spot with a boating lake, which is especially popular with local canoeist, a number of eating joints, lawned areas, and walking trails suitable for jogging.

Various zoos and parks at Hamburg

Hamburg, lying on River Elbe, is said to be one of the most beautiful cities in Germany. The city is known for its various attractions like Elbe, Alster, HafenCity (Harbour City), Speicherstadt (Warehouse City), the Fish Market and the Reeperbahn. Be it culture, musicals, entertaining theatres, a great variety of hotels, excellent restaurants, exquisite shopping possibilities, exciting nightlife and loads of historical landmarks- Hamburg has everything to offer to its tourists.

The city has various modern and historical gardens and park areas along with a lot of zoo. Some of the famous ones are:

Tierpark Hagenbeck

The park has animals like giraffe, monkeys, tigers and many live in their natural habitat conditions. Tourists love to feed the elephants here in their outdoor enclosure – but only with fruit and vegetables or special food bought from the souvenir shop at the entrance gate to the Zoo. The site also has a newly built Aquarium which hosts life forms from the deepest tropical oceans.

Planten un Blomen

located within the heart of the city, it features a botanical garden, tropical green house and the biggest Japanese garden in Europe. The lake in the park also displays musical fountain. From May to September water games take place here by day and in the evening there are coloured illuminated fountain concerts.

City Park

The city park is a favourite choice for football games, a picnic, a sunbathe or to have a trip on the Park Lake in a pedal or a rowing boat. The City Park also has an Open-air concert “hall” with many international artists and bands performing there. The park also has one of the oldest Planetariums in the world.

Ohlsdorfer Friedhof (Ohlsdorf Cemetery)

Stretched at a span of 405 hectares, Ohlsdorfer Cemetary is the main cemetery of Hamburg and also the second largest in the world after Chicago. From here you can also visit the nearby Hamburgian “park” which has numerous ponds and old trees to offer.

Hamburger Dom Funfair

Hamburger Dom Funfair The city of Hamburg is known for the Hamburger Dom, the large funfair held at Heiligengeistfeld area, in the North of Germany. Nowhere else in Germany is so large and big a fair held. With three fairs (spring, summer and winter) per year, it attracts approximately ten million visitors annually. The fair is located in the center of Hamburg on the Heiligengeistfeld flak tower.

Winterdom or Dommarkt (winter fair or cathedral market)is held for 30 days in late autumn, Sommerdom or Hummelfest (summer fair or Hummel market) is held for 31 days during summer and Frühlingsdom (spring fair) is held for 30 days in spring. The Spring Fair is opened to visitors for a whole month from mid March to mid April. The events and the various exhibitions attract lot of visitors. The fun fair suggests various families’ activities and mass of stands spread along more than two miles (3.5 Km). Fireworks are shot on Friday’s evenings.